7 Chemical Reactions That Changed The World

In Brief

Chemistry surrounds us every day. From cooking our food to driving our cars to our very own bodily metabolism, we cannot escape the constant rearrangement of atoms and exchange of energy that is chemistry.Here are 10 chemical reactions that changed the world.

1. Fullerenes

A fullerene is a molecule of carbon in the form of a hollow sphere, ellipsois, tube, and many other shapes. Spherical fullerenes also referred to as Buckminsterfullerenes (buckyballs), resemble the balls used in football (soccer). The first fullerene molecule to be discovered, and the family’s namesake, buckminsterfullerene (C60), was manufactured in 1985 by Richard Smalley, Robert Curl, James Heath, Sean O’Brien and Harold Kroto at Rice University. Fullerenes find wide application in different fields of science since their discovery in 1985. Their size, hydrophobicity, three-dimensionality and electronic configurations make them an appealing subject in science, engineering and medicinal fields. Their unique physical, chemical and biological properties have yielded promising contributions to the industries and many industrial applications are now being commercialized.